Horwowitz, Wayne and Takyoshi Oshima, eds. Cuneiform in Canaan: Cuneiform Sources from the Land of Israel in Ancient Times. Israel Exploration Society, Jerusalem: Hebrew University, 2006.
The editors have studied the use of the cuneiform script in Canaan from the Middle Bronze Age into the Iron Age, publishing the corpus of texts as a single collection. The earliest sources are from the Middle Bronze Age II during the period of the Mari archives. Tablets from Hazor display scribal features known from Mari. The editors hypothesize that cuneiform was introduced to Canaan through Mari to facilitate trade between Hazor and the cities of Syria and Mesopotamia. Other texts reflect a scribal tradition influenced by the local linguistic environment of Canaan which must have separated from the Mesopotamian tradition over several generations. By the time of the Late Bronze Age the cuneiform of Canaan was no longer an extension of the culture of the east, but was a feature of the local social and cultural landscape. This came to an end with the end of the Late Bronze Age as alphabetic scripts dominated. Cuneiform was only reintroduced with the Assyrian conquest.Orthography